notes and makeup work

If you are absent you need to look here to see what you need to do to get credit for the day.  If you miss a quiz or test you have until the next Friday to make it up.  If it can't be done in                 TASC you need to do it before school, after school, or during a study hall.

19 April

cool whaling story 
turn chapter 18 study guide in
make sure timeline and territories chart is complete

make up work is one page on Panama Canal and one page on the whales ship Essex- identify your sources- and complete above worksheets

17 April

empire- one country takes over others
imperialism- creating an empire

chapter 18 study guide is due Wednesday

Why imperialism?
     desire for military strength
          project power and protect US interests
     need some coaling stations to refuel ships
     global competition
          powerful countries had empires so 
          we wanted one too
     white man's burden
           folks from Europe and the US felt
           superior to the rest of the world
           we felt need to civilize and Christianize
           Africa and Asia

yellow journalism-  jazzed up stories to sell 
       more newspapers       

13  April

midterm tomorrow- do well
Bessemer process- way to make steel cheap
Jamestown- 1607- first permanent English
settlement in the New World
4 July 1776- Dec. of Ind.
Social Darwinism- survival of the fittest in
human societies
16th- made a US income tax legal
17th- direct election of senators
18th- prohibition of alcohol
19th- women right to vote
capitalism- economic system with private
ownership of business
socialism- economic system with government
owned business
Meat Inspection Act- 1906- prompted by
The Jungle
federalism splits power between state and national government
federalists and ant-federalists - federalists
supported the adoption of the Constitution
Yorktown- last major battle of the Revolution
Saratoga- US victory that convinced the
French to help the US - 1777
10 April

worked on essays

7 April

baseball video- two pages on late 19th century baseball in the US

6 April

Progressive Era about 1900-1920
political reforms
    state level
        recall election
             throw the bum out early
             voters decide if a proposal become law
        primary election
              determines the parties nominee for 
              general election
   federal level
        16th Amendment- income tax
        17th Amendment- direct election of 
             US senators
        18th Amendment- prohibition
5 April

SATs- Hope you did well.

chapter 17 study guide is due tomorrow

4 April

a look at the US in 1904

muckraker- journalist who wrote about problems in society (investigative journalist)
read handout on muckrakers and summarize each example in the handout

3 April


    [dee-hyoo-muh-nahyz or, often, -yoo-] 
verb (used with object)dehumanized, dehumanizing.

to deprive of human qualities or attributes; divest of individuality:
Conformity dehumanized him.

responses to industrialization
    labor unions
    Populist Party
    progressive era
         about 1900-1920
         move away from laissez-faire
         towards more government 
     more urban than populists
     both Republican and Democrat
     willing to have more government 
     tended to be middle and upper
     middle class not lower class

31 March

    old immigrants were from northern and
    western Europe
    new immigrants were from southern and
    eastern Europe  from about 1890-1924

28 March

capitalism- economic system with privately 
     owned business which operate with a
     profit motive
     what US has- mostly
socialism- econ system in which the 
     government owns some or all businesses
robber baron- usually for 19th century
     wealthy owner of BIG business 
trust- several companies have a group of 
     trustees runall of the companies
          could lead to loss of competition
     like a monopoly 
depression- bad economic times
     high unemployment rate
vertical integration- owning several steps of
horizontal integration- expand at one level of
economies of scale- as a business gets bigger 
   its cost of production per unit goes down
business cycle- good economic times followed
     by bad times then good then bad
laissez-faire- leave alone, government stays
    out of the economy
market economy- capitalism
social Darwinsim- survival of the fittest 
     applied to human societies
     if you are rich you're smarter or harder
     working and if poor due to being lazy or
inflation- general rise in prices
deflation- general decline in prices
factors of production- land(natural resources),
     labor, capital (tools and equipment), 

Ice cutting questions are due tomorrow, inventions brochures are due Thursday, and the electric chair questions and econ term are due Friday.

All fifty states are fair game for Friday's quiz.

22 March

chapter 13 study guide is due tomorrow
inflation- general rise in prices
deflation- general decline in prices
late 19th century was a time of deflation and that hurt farmers so they wanted more money
put into circulation to help create some inflation
drawings of soddie, train, windmill, reaper, walking plow and barbed wire

20 March

the west
   starts at 98 degrees west
   sparsely populated
   few trees except in the mountains, along
   some streams and rivers, and in people's 
  high in elevation
   mountains and plains (flat to rolling hills)

write a description of each of these things
    Ft. Clatsop
    Battle of the Little Big Horn
    prairie dogs
    Bonneville Dam
    Bonneville Salt Flats
    Yellowstone National Park
    Old Faithful
    Dinosaur National Park

    Cripple Creek CO

17 March

            make up quiz by Friday the 24th
write two pages taking the opposite view as your essay
start reading chapter 13

16 March
worked on essay- due tomorrow
new states are TX, OK, KS, NE, SD, and ND

15 March

you should not ignore contradictory evidence

in your essay
     show how contradictory evidence is wrong
     or it is minimal, or weak argument
you need to cite your sources
    need a works cited
    in text citations
    Mr. Lincoln was a very smart man (Smith, p. 2) 

write a half page, one paragraph response to the essay prompt

14 March

snow day

Pi Day 13 March

      example of good leadership- North
           being able to utilize manufacturing
           Emancipation Proclamation- help keep
           Britain out of war
           Lincoln and Ft. Sumter- getting the
           South to fire first
           Anaconda Plan
           Lincoln replaced McClellan
           Grant and Sherman were strong leaders
           who fought- Shiloh
examples of good leadership- South
      Stonewall Jackson- First Bull Run he 
      rallied his troops 
      Lee- well respected
              won several battles even though
              North had more men and supplies
      Col. Magruder and his trick on McClellan

make sure you get the articles on leadership handed out in class 

9 March

technology and the Civil War

    iron clads
    rifle and the Minie ball
    gatling gun
major battles
    Ft. Sumter
        first shooting of the war
        mostly a Union victory so President 
        Lincoln issued his Emancipation
        Union victory
        turning point of the war
         Union victory
         gave Union control of  the Mississippi River

Both sides started out relying on volunteer soldiers, but the had to institute a draft.
Rich men could avoid the draft by paying for a substitute.
Andrew Johnson became president when Abraham Lincoln was murdered.
Andersonville was a prisoner of war camp in Georgia where thousand of Northern
prisoners died.
7 March

advantages of each side

North advantages

more factories
more soldiers
more money
more ships
established government
more guns
more farms
Britain really did not help South

South advantages

homefield advantage
bigger reason to fight
almost British help (small amount)

6 March 

new states are MN, IA, MO, AR and LA

check the Civil War page of the blog for homework assignments

Civil War-  1861-1865

civil war- war within a country
North vs. South

North                                           South

Union                                         Confederates

USA                                CSA
                                         goal was to secede to 
                                        form own country
goal was to keep the country together
blue                                  gray and red
President Lincoln             President Jefferson Davis
General Grant                    General Lee
Yankees                            Rebels
Washington DC                     Richmond VA was capital
Billy Yank                          Johnny Reb
Battle Hymn of the Republic
Names southerners might prefer.
    War Between the States
    War of Southern Independence
    War of Northern Aggression

border states were slave states that did not 
     KY, MO, DE, MD and later WV

21 February

Kansas-Nebraska Act
    between North and South
    the question of weather Kansas and Nebraska should be slave or free was to be decided
    by popular sovereignty, meaning the people who lived there would decide
New England Emi
some folks in the South do not like the name Civil War- alternative names might be
   War Bgrant Aid Company
     abolitonists from New England went to Kansas to vote against slavery
     not real compromise- they were not willing
Bleeding Kansas
      late 1850s
      people who went to KS to vote for or against slavery often ended up fighting
      a few hundred were killed
Crittenden Compromise
     a last attempt by Senator Crittendon of Kentucky (just like Henry Clay) to find a
    compromise between North and South-  it did not work
turn in time line and compromises writeups part 2

20 February

Missouri Compromise
    between North and South
    compromise had 2 parts
          states- MO as a slave state
                     ME as free state
                     North got no slavery north of
                     36 degrees 30 minutes
                     South got slavery south of that
William Lloyd Garrison was an abolitionist
 to abolish means to get rid of
The Liberator was a newspaper first published
Garrison was not interested in compromising
most people in 1830s not abolitionists
most white Southerners did not own slaves
Compromise of 1850
    between North and South over slavery
    N got
        CA as a free state
        end of the slave trade in DC
    S got
       new Fugitive Slave Law

We will finish the Compromise of 1850 tomorrow.  We will also go over the last three compromises and the compromises write-ups part 2 is also due tomorrow.

17 February

industrial revolution
     going from hand made at home or small
     shops to machine made in mills (factories)
     in the US started around 1820s
     water power

16 February 

label territories on 1783 and 1803 map
complete Territorial Expansion chart
Manifest Destiny
    the US would one day go sea to sea
geography for tomorrow will be all states east of the Mississippi River

15 February

finished looking at the life of Noah Blake in 1805
status quo ante bellum
    going back to the conditions before the war
    what the Treaty of Ghent did which ended the War of 1812
War of 1812 was between the US and UK
listened to the song Battle of New Olreans

tariff is a tax on imports
    designed to raise money for the Federal gov. 
most factories in 1800s in North
generally folks in the North liked higher tariffs because it made people want to buy the now cheaper
US made goods
generally folks in the South didn't
1828 Tariff of Abominations (southern term)
    protective tariff
1832 tariffs went higher
1833 compromise tariff to lower them over time

14 February

strict construction (interpretation)
    government can only do what Const. says
    makes for a weaker central government
    Thomas Jefferson believed in this
loose construction (interpretation)
    if Const. doesn't say no then gov. can do it
    makes for a stronger central gov.
Louisiana Purchase
   US bought LA Territory from French
   Jefferson was president
   TJ v. TJ
   TJ calls it a treaty and does not try to amend
   the Const. 
    Lewis and Clark and the Corps of Discovery
    explored LA Purchase      

compromises write-ups due tomorrow

New states for Friday are MI, WI, IL, AL, MS AND TN.

10 February

before the Constitution the US had The
Articles of Confederation
    made for a weak central government
in 1787 55 men met in Philadelphia to revise
the Articles
presentation on the Great Compromise
3/5 compromise
     North v. South
    agreed to count each slave as 3/5 of a person

9 February

snow day- quiz tomorrow
New states are Vermont, Indiana, Ohio, West Virginia, Pennsylvania and Kentucky.

8 February

library time
American Revolution battles
    Lexington and Concord
       first shooting of the revolution
       American victory
       because the US won the French decided
       to help the US
       last major battle of the Revolution  

6 January
   three examples from worksheet
   go in chronological order
   due Wednesday

watched the musket demonstration video- see Compromises page

3 February

make up quiz
complete worksheet on the Declaration of Independence
have book covered by Monday
turn in map homework

2 February

Explain why the colonists went from loyal to the British king in 1763 to shooting at British soldiers in 1775.
complete pre Revolution handout

1 February

colonies were set up to benefit the mother
Spanish set up first colony in what is now
the US
     St. Augustine FL in 1565
first permanent English settlement in what is now the US was Jamestown in 1607
French and Indian War
     a) 1754-1763
     b) started in near what is now Pittsburgh PA
     c)  GW led Virginia troops that ran into
          French soldiers and the war starts
      d)  General James Wolfe led British troops
           that defeated the French at Quebec
           which meant British won the war
           to honor Wolfe the town was named
           for him
In 17 63 Benjamin Franklin said the colonists were very loyal to the King of Britain.
complete worksheet and maps on the French and Indian War

31 January

hand out books

  1. a country or area under the full or partial political control of another country, typically a distant one, and occupied by settlers from that country.
    synonyms: settlement · dependency · protectorate · satellite · territory · outpost · 

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